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Services for Re-entry Populations: Policy Evidence and Recommendations – Policy Brief

This policy brief describes how re-entry has been associated with increased, illness, mortality, and risky health behaviors. The brief highlights the process of community re-entry presenting a crucial opportunity to link individuals with needed health and social services. This brief looks to HIV, a pandemic predating COVID-19, in order to draw broader lessons for addressing the needs of incarcerated populations in the United States during re-entry.

Policy Brief Type Policy Materials Topics Incarceration Policy Briefs HIV Risk Factors and Comorbid Conditions Incarceration and Criminalization Mental Health Substance Use

Health Outcomes Associated with Criminalization and Regulation of Sex Trade – Policy Brief

This policy brief describes the criminalization of commercial sex trade and regulatory frameworks seeking to regulate it differ across the globe. These efforts are described into four models of criminalization and regulation which include criminalize sex trade, criminalize clients (also known as the Nordic or End Demand model), regulate sex trade, and decriminalize sex trade.

Policy Brief Type Policy Materials Topics Policy Briefs Incarceration and Criminalization Sex Work

Engaging Black Men Who Have Sex with Men (BMSM) in Los Angeles in HIV PrEP – Policy Brief

This policy brief referred to as the White Paper – A Way Forward describes how Black men who have sex with men (BMSM), lag behind in PrEP use despite the fact that they are a population disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and represent one of the single largest groups of new cases in the US each year. The minimal use of PrEP by BMSM, coupled with healthcare provider anxieties about prescribing PrEP, may reduce the potential positive effect of PrEP in reducing HIV infection rates in this disproportionately impacted population.

Type Access to Care Black/ African American (BAA) Population Topics Policy Briefs Men who have sex with men (MSM) PEP/PrEP Reports/Presentations Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis MSM

White Paper: Black MSM and PrEP – A Way Forward

This policy brief referred to as the White Paper describes how Black men who have sex with men (BMSM), lag behind in PrEP use despite the fact that they are a population disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and represent one of the single largest groups of new cases in the US each year.

Type Policy Brief Access to Care Black/ African American (BAA) Policy Materials Population Topics Policy Briefs Men who have sex with men (MSM) PEP/PrEP Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis MSM

The Use of HIV Over-the Counter (OTC) Test in California from April to September 2013 – Policy Brief

This policy brief examines the distribution, usage, and results of the HIV OTC test for a six-month period (April 1, 2013, through September 30, 2013) to determine how the HIV OTC test is being used thus far in California, an initial start-up period. This frame was selected as most manufacturing and distribution challenges had been overcome, and the HIV OTC test was generally available to consumers throughout California.

Type Policy Brief Policy Materials Topics Policy Briefs Healthcare Utilization Reports/Presentations Surveillance/ Investigation Testing

Covered CA and People Living with HIV/AIDS – Policy Brief (Summary)

This policy brief examined how health insurance available through Covered California could cost more than some people living with HIV/AIDS can afford, undermining an important HIV prevention strategy: adherence to medication and engagement in care. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who adhere to their drug regimens can reduce their viral load to undetectable levels, making them less likely to transmit HIV, and creating a public health imperative to reduce barriers to
care and treatment for PLWHA.

Type Access to Care Topics Cost of Care Policy Briefs Publications Reports/Presentations Linkage to/ Retention in Care

Covered CA and People Living with HIV/AIDS – Policy Brief (Full analysis)

This policy brief examined how health insurance available through Covered California could cost more than some people living with HIV/AIDS can afford, undermining an important HIV prevention strategy: adherence to medication and engagement in care. People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who adhere to their drug regimens can reduce their viral load to undetectable levels, making them less likely to transmit HIV, and creating a public health imperative to reduce barriers to care and treatment for PLWHA.

Access to Care Type Cost of Care Topics Policy Briefs Publications Reports/Presentations Linkage to/ Retention in Care

AB999: Proposal to Mandate Condom Distribution in Prisons Would Reduce Correctional Facility Costs for Inmate Health Care in California – Policy Brief

This policy brief examines the recently proposed AB999, which would require the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) to develop a five-year plan to make condoms available in all California prisons. AB999 would instruct CDCR to use funds from the budget to provide condoms and condom dispensing machines at all California prisons by December 2019.

Type Condoms Topics Policy Briefs Publications Reports/Presentations Incarceration and Criminalization

HIV and Incarceration: Reviewing the Policy Issues – Policy Brief

This policy brief describes the disproportionate prevalence of HIV among individuals in the correctional system. This policy brief elucidates the problem and recommends policies that prisons and jails in California could undertake to reduce new infections and treat existing ones.

Policy Brief Type Black/ African American (BAA) Policy Materials Population Topics Policy Briefs Latinx/ Hispanic HIV Infection/ Transmission Incarceration and Criminalization Reports/Presentations

Proposed AIDS Drug Assistance Program Cost-Sharing Threatens the Health of Californian’s Living With HIV/AIDS – Policy Brief

This policy brief  discusses how ADAP only covers a limited range of drugs – some 184 name brand and generic drugs necessary to successfully treat HIV/AIDS and related conditions. ADAP’s low-income beneficiaries must pay for drugs not on the ADAP formulary, and for other health care costs associated with HIV disease. Under the governor’s cost-sharing proposals, these clients would face significant increases in the amount of out-of pocket costs they will be expected to meet just to access medications they must have to maintain their health.

Access to Care Type Population Cost of Care Topics Policy Briefs Reports/Presentations People with HIV (HIV+) Substance Use

Costs and Benefits of Enhanced HIV Surveillance in California – Policy Brief

This policy brief discusses the cost benefits for California to expand HIV surveillance efforts to add persons already in care to the HIV names based registry. It is estimated that each additional case registered would add $1675-$1707 to Ryan White allocations, but cost of only $992 to register. An additional $4.7 million would flow to the state as a result of adding 2800 cases to the registry.

Access to Care Type Cost of Care Topics Policy Briefs Reports/Presentations Surveillance/ Investigation California

Proposed ADAP Cost-Sharing Threatens the Health of Californians Living with HIV/AIDS – Policy Brief

This policy briefs addresses how will new cost-sharing fees proposed for the AIDS Drug Assistance Program affect people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA) in California. The governor’s cost-sharing proposal for ADAP will likely be a significant financial barrier to ADAP’s low-income beneficiaries. This is particularly problematic considering the high costs of these life-saving medications.

Type Population Cost of Care Topics Policy Briefs Publications People with HIV (HIV+)

Proposed ADAP Cost-Sharing Threatens the Health of Californians – Policy Brief

The governor’s cost-sharing proposal for ADAP will likely be a significant financial barrier to ADAP’s low-income beneficiaries. This is particularly problematic considering the high costs of these life-saving medications. Most ADAP beneficiaries could not afford their medications if they were financially unable to access the ADAP program.

Access to Care Type Cost of Care Topics Policy Briefs Reports/Presentations California