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McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD) (Subscales) « Surveys/Scales « Downloads

Date postedFebruary 2, 2012
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CategoriesSurveys/Scales, Family


The FAD is based on the McMaster Model of Family Functioning (MMFF), a clinically oriented conceptualization of families. The model has evolved from previous work (Epstein, Sigal & Rakoff, 1962; Westley & Epstein, 1969). It describes structural and organizational properties of the family group and the patterns of transactions among family members which have been found to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy families. The model identifies six dimensions of family functioning: Problem Solving, Communication, Roles, Affective Responsiveness, Affective Involvement, Behavior Control. The FAD has seven subscales: one General Functioning scale, which assesses overall health and pathology of the family, and one subscale for each of the six dimensions. The FAD consists of 53 items rated with a 4 point likert response format.

Nathan Epstein, Lawrence Baldwin, and Duane Bishop

Epstein, N.B., Bishop, D., Ryan, C., Miller, I.W., & Keitner, G.I. (1993). The McMaster model view of healthy family functioning. In Froma Walsh (Ed.), Normal family processes (pp. 138-160). New York: The Guilford Press.

Epstein, N.B., Baldwin, L.M., & Bishop, D.S. (1983). The McMaster family assessment device. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9: 171-180.

Miller, I.W., Epstein, N.B., Bishop, D.S., & Keitner, G.I. (1985). The McMaster family assessment device: Reliability and validity. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 11: 345-356.

Cronbach alpha’s range from 0.72 to 0.90 between subscales in various studies. Original study (Epstein, Baldwin, & Bishop, 1983) found the following:

Problem Solving=0.74
Affective Responsiveness=0.83
Affective Involvement=0.78
Behavior Control=0.72
General Functioning=0.92