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Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ) « STD « Surveys/Scales « Downloads

Date postedFebruary 7, 2012
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CategoriesSTD, Surveys/Scales, Perceived Vulnerability/Susceptibility


Although considerable medical attention has been recently focused on AIDS, relatively little is known about the amount and nature of anxiety that this disease may be fostering in segments of society. To better understand the public’s reaction to AIDS, a multidimensional self-report measure of anxiety experienced about AIDS was developed, the Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ; Snell & Finney, 1996; Finney & Snell, 1989). Factor analysis indicated that the MAAQ items correspond to five concepts concerned with AIDS anxiety: (1) AIDS-related anxiety manifested as physiological arousal, (2) AIDS-related anxiety manifested as fear, (3) AIDS-related anxiety manifested as cognitive worry, (4) AIDS-related anxiety manifested as sexual inhibition, and (5) AIDS-anxiety manifested as discussion inhibition. The Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ) consists of 50 items. In responding to the MAAQ, individuals are asked to indicate how characteristic each statement is of them. A 5-point Likert scale is used to collect data on the subjects’ responses, with each item being scored from 0 to 4: Not at all characteristic of me (A); Slightly characteristic of me (B); Somewhat characteristic of me (C); Moderately characteristic of me (D); Very characteristic of me (E). In order to create subscale scores, the items on each subscale are averaged. Higher scores thus correspond to greater amounts of each respective type of AIDS-related anxiety. The Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ) consists of five (5) subscales designed to measure several aspects of anxiety about AIDS. The labels for these 5 subscales are (with a listing of the items on each subscale): (1) physiological arousal (items 13, 14, 23, 27, 28, 29, 31, 33, 34, 38, 39, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48); (2) fear of AIDS (items 5, 6, 10, 15, 16, and 21); (3) sexual inhibition (items 18, 30, 35, 37, 40, 42); (4) cognitive worry (items 1, 3, 4, 8, and 9); (5) discussion inhibition (items 2, 7, 12, 19, and 24); and (6) anxiety about AIDS exposure (items 20, 49, 50). The MAAQ items are scored so that A = 0, B = 1, C = 2, D = 3, and E = 4. Next, they are averaged for each subscale so that higher scores correspond to greater amounts of anxiety about AIDS (score range for each subscale = 0 to 4). [The items on subscale # 6 are indicated here, although the eigenvalue from the factor analysis for subscale # 6 was less than 1. While this subscale appears to be psychometrically weak, we anticipate that it will gain more prominence in future research.]

Dr. William E. Snell, Jr.

Snell, W. E., Jr., & Finney, P. (1996). The Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire. Unpublished manuscript.

Finney, P., & Snell, W. E., Jr. (1989, April). The AIDS Anxiety Scale: Components and correlates. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association, Houston, TX.

Internal consistency coefficients for the the Multidimensional AIDS Anxiety Questionnaire (MAAQ) were reported in previous research (Finney & Snell, 1989). All five scales had high internal consistency, with Cronbach alphas ranging from a low of .85 to a high of .94. Test-retest reliability coefficients for the physiological arousal (.65), fear of AIDS (.78), and sexual inhibition (.63) subscales of the the MAAQ were quite high; the coefficients for the cognitive worry (.40) and discussion inhibition (.40) subscales were somewhat lower.

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