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Geriatric Depression Scale « Senior Health « Surveys/Scales « Downloads

Date postedFebruary 6, 2012
Downloaded907 times
CategoriesSenior Health, Mental Health, Surveys/Scales


This scale was developed as a basic screening measure for depression in older adults. To be completed by a trained clinician.

Brink et al., 1982; Yesavage et al., 1983 – SHORT version – Sheik et al., 1986

Brink TL, Yesavage JA, Lum O, Heersema P, Adey MB, Rose TL: Screening tests for geriatric depression. Clinical Gerontologist 1: 37-44, 1982.

Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey MB, Leirer VO: Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report. Journal of Psychiatric Research 17: 37-49, 1983.

Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA: Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): Recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clinical Gerontology : A Guide to Assessment and Intervention 165-173, NY: The Haworth Press, 1986.

Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA, Brooks JO, III, Friedman LF, Gratzinger P, Hill RD, Zadeik A, Crook T: Proposed factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale. International Psychogeriatrics 3: 23-28, 1991.

Chan AC. Clinical validation of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): Chinese version. Journal of Aging and Health, 1996 May, 8(2):238-53. (UI: 96714863)

Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.84 (Brinl, 1982)

Internal consistency reliability was .89 (alpha), and the test-retest reliability was .85 (alpha). (Chan, 1996)