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Health Belief Model - Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES) « Condom Use « Surveys/Scales « Downloads

Date postedFebruary 6, 2012
Downloaded1061 times
CategoriesCondom Use, Self-efficacy , Knowledge, Surveys/Scales, Personal Traits


The Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES) can be used to assess an individual’s perception of his or her ability to use condoms. The scale contains 28 items (Brafford and Beck, 1991), but a later analysis to find subscales left 13 items unassigned (Brien et al., 1994). Here the 28-item scale is listed.

CUSES has four subscales (Brien et al., 1994):
Mechanics (items 1, 27, 14, 22): putting a condom on self or other;
Partner Disapproval (items 9, 10, 16, 17, 18): use of a condom with a partner’s approval;
Assertive (items 4, 5, 6): ability to persuade a partner to use a condom;
Intoxicants (items 24, 25, 28): ability to use condoms while under the influence.

Linda J. Brafford and Kenneth H. Beck

Publisher: Heldref Publications

Mahoney, C., Thombs, D.L., and Ford, O.J. (1995). Health belief and self-efficacy models: their utility in explaining college student condom use. AIDS Education and Prevention, 7, 32-49.

Brafford, L.J., and Beck, K.H. (1991). Development and validation of a condom self-efficacy scale for college students. Journal of American College Health, 39, 219-225.

Brien, T.M., Thombs, D.L., Mahoney, C.A., and Wallnau, L. (1994) Dimensions of self-efficacy among three distinct groups of condom users. Journal of American College Health, 42, 167-174.

Internal consistency: Cronbach alpha (entire scale) = 0.91
Test-retest reliability (two-week) = 0.81 (Brafford and Beck, 1991)
Internal consistency for subscales:
Mechanics: Cronbach alpha = 0.78
Partner’s Disapproval: Cronbach alpha = 0.81
Assertive: Cronbach alpha = 0.80
Intoxicants: Cronbach alpha = 0.82 (Brien et al., 1994)

Knowledge Attitude Belief