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The Mini-Mental State Exam « Surveys/Scales « Downloads

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Date postedFebruary 2, 2012
Downloaded1024 times
CategoriesSurveys/Scales, Mental Health

Description

Background:
The MMSE is a brief, quantitative measure of cognitive status in adults. It can be used to screen for cognitive impairment, to estimate the severity of cognitive impairment at a given point in time, to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time, and to document an individual’s response to treatment.

The standard MMSE form published by PAR is based on its original 1975 conceptualization, with minor subsequent modifications by the authors. The MMSE has demonstrated validity and reliability in psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations. The convenient new “all-in-one” test form includes a detachable sheet with stimuli for the Comprehension, Reading, Writing, and Drawing tasks. The form also includes alternative item substitutions for administration in special circumstances.

Interpretation of Mini-mental State Score (Maximum: 30)
Normal score: 24 or higher
Educational and Age Norms:

Fourth Grade Education
Ages 18 to 69: Median MMSE Score 22-25
Ages 70 to 79: Median MMSE Score 21-22
Age over 79: Median MMSE Score 19-20

Eighth Grade Education
Ages 18 to 69: Median MMSE Score 26-27
Ages 70 to 79: Median MMSE Score 25
Age over 79: Median MMSE Score 23-25

High School Education
Ages 18 to 69: Median MMSE Score 28-29
Ages 70 to 79: Median MMSE Score 27
Age over 79: Median MMSE Score 25-26

College Education
Ages 18 to 69: Median MMSE Score 29
Ages 70 to 79: Median MMSE Score 28
Age over 79: Median MMSE Score 27

.Developers:
Dr. Marshal F. Folstein.

Copyright:
Owned by Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR)

References:
Folstein MF, Folstein, SE and McHugh PR (1975) Mini-Mental State: A practical method for grading the state of patients for the clinician, Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12: 189-198.

Anthony JC, LeResche L, Niaz U, VonKorff MR and Folstein MF (1982) Limits of the mini-mental state as a screening test for dementia and delirium among hospital patients. Psychological Medicine, 12: 397-408.

Cockrell JR and Folstein MF (1988) Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Psychopharmacology, 24: 689-692.

Crum RM, Anthony JC, Bassett SS and Folstein MF (1993) Population-based norms for the mini-mental state examination by age and educational level, JAMA, 18: 2386-2391.

Lopez, Charter, Mostafavi, & Nibut. Psychometric Properties of the Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination. Assessment, Vol. 12, No. 2, 137-144 (2005)

Mini-Mental State: A Practical Method for Grading the Cognitive State of patients for the Clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12(3): 189-198, 1975.

Reliability:
Cronbach alpha’s have been shown to range from 0.31 to 0.96.

Population:
Adult