MMT CARE for HIV Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Abstract: This project uses a combination prevention approach to respond to the urgent need for improved quality of services at methadone maintenance therapy clinics, provider-client interactions, and client outcomes.

We conduct the 5-year randomized controlled trial that targets methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) programs in China. Applying the principles of combination prevention, the intervention (MMT CARE) integrates psychosocial and behavioral components into a pharmacological framework for methadone maintenance. A total of 68 MMT clinics are randomly selected from five provinces. From each clinic, 6 service providers and 36 clients are recruited, totaling 408 providers and 2,448 clients in the study. The 68 clinics are randomized to 1) an MMT CARE intervention group or 2) a control group (34 clinics each). Service providers who complete the training conduct three individual motivational enhancement sessions with clients. Efficacy of the intervention is evaluated at baseline and at 6, 12, 18, and 24-month follow-ups.

Project Number: 4r01da033160-05