A new report has estimated that almost 700,000 LGBT adults (ages 18-59) in the U.S. have received conversion therapy while an estimated 20,000 LGBT youth in the U.S. (ages 13-17) will receive conversion therapy from a licensed health care professional before the age of 18. Conversion therapy is meant to change the sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression of an individual, rooted in the idea that being LGBT is abnormal.

The new report out of The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law dives into the history of conversion therapy that has been in practice for over a century in the United States, current perspectives of professional health associations and the public opinion, as well as current laws in place. There are currently nine states and the District of Columbia that has legally limited the use of conversion therapy: California, D.C., Illinois, New Jersey, Vermont, Oregon, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Nevada, and New Mexico with the latter four states passing bans in 2017.

To see the full report, you can download it below or visit the original article on the Williams Institute website.

The Williams Institute Report on Conversion Therapy and LGBT Youth