Adherence Challenges in Intermittent HIV PrEP Study

Intermittent use of Truvada (tenofovir plus emtricitabine) as pre-exposure prophylaxis was associated with poor adherence, compared with daily use of the tablet to prevent HIV infection, according to results of a small clinical trial published in the online scientific journal PLoS ONE.

CLICK HERE to read the full study on PLos ONE.

CLICK HERE to read the AIDSMeds.com article about this study.

Background

Little is known about safety of and adherence to intermittent HIV PrEP regimens, which may be more feasible than daily dosing in some settings. We present safety and adherence data from the first trial of an intermittent PrEP regimen among Kenyan men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSW).

 

Conclusions/Significance

Adherence to intermittent dosing regimens, fixed doses, and in particular coitally-dependent doses, may be more difficult than adherence to daily dosing. However, intermittent dosing may still be appropriate for PrEP if intracellular drug levels, which correlate with prevention of HIV acquisition, can be attained with less than daily dosing and if barriers to adherence can be addressed. Additional drug level data, qualitative data on adherence barriers, and better methods to measure sexual activity are necessary to determine whether adherence to post-coital PrEP could be comparable to more standard regimens.