CHIPTS Policy Core

Bringing relevant research findings to bear on policy issues


Male circumcision | State of California HIV/AIDS Policy | Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) | HIV Surveillance | Medi-Cal and Medicare | CARE/HIPP Expansion | AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) | Ryan White Care Act | HIV Testing and Prevention Strategies | HIV in incarcerated populations


The identification, formulation, and analysis of emergent policy issues in collaboration with the California HIV/AIDS Policy Research Center

Policy Brief: Black MSM and PrEP - A Way Forward (584)

White Paper: Black MSM and PrEP - A Way Forward (1077)

Fact Sheet - New Hope Against AIDS in CA (1000)

Policy Brief: Policy Brief: The Use of HIV Over-the Counter (OTC) test in California from April to September 2013 (827)

Covered CA and PLWHA - Full analysis (1076)

Covered CA and PLWHA - Summary (1131)

Analysis of AB999: Proposal to Mandate Condom Distribution in Prisons Would Reduce Correctional Facility Costs for Inmate Health Care in California (1810)

National Roundtable on Evaluation of Multilevel/Combination HIV Prevention Interventions (2054)

HIV and Incarceration: Reviewing the Policy Issues (2012) (2663)

Proposed ADAP Cost-Sharing Threatens the Health of Californians Living With HIV/AIDS (2012) (1282)

Making it Count: California\'s Names-Based Reporting System (2011) (1341)

How Can California Overcome Barriers to Expanding CARE/HIPP Enrollment? (2011) (1336)

How Will Proposed Medi-Cal Cost Sharing Affect People Living With HIV in California? (2011) (1517)

Costs and Benefits of Enhanced HIV Surveillance in California (2010) (1404)


Reports of the Center’s annual conference series exploring the intersection of social, behavioral, and biomedical strategies in advancing novel HIV prevention strategies

The Future Direction of Male Circumcision in HIV Prevention (2007 - Los Angeles) (1727)


From Scalpel to Scale-Up: Shaping Perceptions of Male Circumcision (2008 - Mexico City) (1817)


Preparing for PrEP: A Stakeholders Dialogue (2009 - Atlanta) (1749)


HIV Testing: Global Challenges, Global Strategies, Global Impact (2010 - Vienna) (2791)


Substance Use, Mental Health and HIV: Integrating Treatment as Prevention (2011 - Atlanta) (1790)



The California HIV/AIDS Policy Research Center at UCLA/APLA/LAGLC is a collaboration among CHIPTS-affiliated reserchers, AIDS Project Los Angeles (APLA) and the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center (LAGLC).  It brings together a multidisciplinary team with long-established records in HIV/AIDS health policy research and data analysis and community partners with extensive community-based experience in the development and implementation of HIV/AIDS public policy initiatives.  The Policy Research Center  is supportd by the California HIV/AIDS Research Program (CHRP).



Leibowitz AL, Harawa NT, Syllia M, Hallstrom CC, Kerndt P. 2012. Condom distribution in jail to prevent HIV infection (4098). AIDS and Beahvior. Online First: 4 May 2012.

Harawa NT, Leng M, Kim J, Cunningham WE. 2011. Racial/Ethnic and gender differences among older adults in nonmonogamous partnerships, time spent single, and human immunodeficiency virus testing (1623). Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 38(12):1110-7.

Brooks R, Kaplan RL, Lieber E, Landovitz RJ, Lee SJ, Leibowitz A. 2011. Motivators, concerns, and barriers to adoption of pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention among gay and bisexual men in HIV serodiscordant male relationships (1580). AIDS Care, 9, 1136-45.

Leibowitz AA, Mendes AC, Desmond K. 2011. Public Funding of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment, and Support in California (2845). Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 58(1):e11-e16.

Leibowitz AA, Parker KB, Rotheram-Borus MJ. 2011. A U.S. Policy Perspective on Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV (1397). American Journal of Public Health. 101(6): 982-985.

Institute of Medicine, Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care. HIV Screening and Access to Care: Exploring the impact of policies on access to and provision of HIV care. Washington, D.C., National Academies Press, 2011.

Sue Tolleson-Rinehart and Mark A. Peterson, editors. Health Politics and Policy (Four Volume Set). London: Sage Publications, 2010

Conover CJ, Weaver MR, Ang A, Arno PS, Flynn PM, Ettner SL, for the HIV/AIDS Treatment Adherence, Health Outcomes and Cost Study Group. 2009. Cost of Care for People Living with Combined HIV/AIDS, Chronic Mental Illness, and Substance Abuse Disorders (1346). AIDS Care, 21(12):1547-1559.

Conover CJ, Weaver MR, Arno PS, Ettner SL, for The HIV/AIDS Treatment Adherence, Health Outcomes and Cost Study Group.Insurance Coverage among People Living with Combined HIV/AIDS, Chronic Mental Illness, and Substance Abuse Disorders (1404). Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 12(3): 1006-30.

Gilliam FD, Brooks RA, Leibowitz AA, Klosinski LE, Sawires S, Szekeres G, Weston M, Coates TJ. 2010. Framing male circumcision to promote its adoption in different settings (1394). AIDS Behavior, 14(5): 1207-11.

Arunachalam, R. Shah M., “Compensated for Life: Sex Work and Disease Risk (900)” Journal of Human Resources. March 20, 2013 48:345-369.

Bingham, T.A., Williams, J.K., Harawa, N.T. “Gender-role conflict among African American men who have sex with men and women: Associations with psychological distress, low self-worth, and unprotected sex with females. (992)” Am J Public Health 103 (2013) 127-33. PMC ID: PMC3518365.

Dyer, T.P., Regan R., Wilton, L., Harawa, N.T. Wang, L. Shoptaw, S. Differences in Substance Use, Psychosocial characteristics and HIV-related sexual risk behavior between black men who have sex with men only (BMSMO) and Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) in six US Cities. J Urban Health 2013, 1-13. Epub ahead of print.

Harawa, N.T., McCuller, W.J., Chavers, C., Janson, M. HIV risk behaviors among Black/African American and Hispanic/Latina Female partners of men who have sex with men and women (891). AIDS Behav. 2013 Mar;17(3):848-55. PMCID: PMC3743097.

Harawa, N.T., Williams, J.K., Cunningham, W.E., Lee, M.C., Manago, W.J., McCuller, H.C., Ramamurthi, M.F., Shapiro. Efficacy of a Culturally Congruent HIV Risk-Reduction Intervention for African American Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW) (711). AIDS 27 (2013) 0-00. PMID 24180003.

Harawa, N.T., Wilton, L., Wang, L., Mao, C., Kuo, I., Penniman, T., … & Koblin, B. (2014). Types of Female Partners Reported by Black Men Who Have Sex with Men and Women (MSMW) and Associations with Intercourse Frequency, Unprotected Sex and HIV and STI Prevalence.AIDS and Behavior (2181), 1-12. PMID 24523006

Holloway, I. W., Cederbaum, J., Ajayi, A., & Shoptaw, S. (2012). Where are the young men in HIV prevention efforts? Comments on HIV prevention programs and research from young men who have sex with men in Los Angeles. Journal of Primary Prevention (779), 33I(5-6), 271-278. PMCID: PMC3513361

Holloway, I. W., Rice, E., & Kipke, M. D. (2014). Venue-based network analysis to inform HIV prevention efforts among young men who have sex with men (852). Prevention Science. [Epub ahead of print] PMCID: 24464324

Holloway, I. W., Rice, E., Gibbs, J., Winetrobe, H., Dunlap. S., Rhoades, H. (2013). Acceptability of mobile smartphone application-based HIV prevention for young men who have sex with men (1146). AIDS and Behavior. [Epub ahead of print] PMCID: 24292281

Holloway, I. W., Schrager, S. S., Wong, C. F., Smith, L., & Kipke, M. D. (2014). Network correlates of sexual health advice seeking and substance use among members of the Los Angeles House and Ball communities (804). Health Education Research, 29(2), 306-318. PMCID: 24452228

Holloway, I. W., Traube, D., Kubicek, K., Weiss, G., & Kipke, M. D. (2012). HIV prevention service utilization in the Los Angeles House and Ball Communities: Past experiences and recommendations for the future (762).  AIDS Education and Prevention, 24(5), 431-444. PMC ID: PMC3507445

Kubicek, K., McNeeley, M., Holloway, I. W., Weiss, G., & Kipke, M. D. (2013). It’s like our own little world”: Resilience as a factor in participating in the ballroom community subculture (785). AIDS and Behavior, 17(4), 1524-1539. PMC ID: PMC3511645

Leibowitz AA, Desmond K. Do Only 21% of HIV-Positive Medicaid Enrollees Link to Treatment? Challenges in Interpreting Medicaid Claims Data. Sexually Transmitted Disease (740). 2013. 40(7):582. PMC ID: PMC3904503

Leibowitz AA, Harawa N, Sylla M, Hallstrom CC, Kerndt PR. Condom Distribution in Jail to Prevent HIV Infection. AIDS and Behavior. 2013; 17:2695-2702.. DOI 10.1007/s10461-012-0190-5. PubMed Central PMC ID: PMC3786088

Leibowitz AA, Lester R, Curtis PG, Farrell K, Fox A, Klipp LH, Wise J. Early Evidence From California on Transitions to a Reformed Health Insurance System for Persons Living With HIV/AIDS (854). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Nov 1;64 Suppl 1:S62-7. doi: 10.1097/01.qai.0000435254.49553.24. PMC ID: PMC3934430

Leibowitz AA, Wynn A, Byrnes K, Farrell K. HIV Tests And New Diagnoses Declined After California Budget Cuts, But Reallocating Funds Helped Reduce Impact.  Health Affairs. March 2014.33(3). DOI:10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0965. PMC ID: 4022131

McCuller, Harawa, N.T. A condom distribution program in the Los Angeles Men’s Central Jail: Sheriff deputies’ attitudes and opinions. SAGE Publications Volume 20 Issue 3 July 2014. Forthcoming.

Morris BJ, Bailey RC, Klausner JD, Leibowitz AA, Wamai RG, Waskett JH, Banerjee J, Halperin DT, Zoloth HA, Weiss HA, Hankins CA. Review: A critical evaluation of arguments opposing male circumcision for HIV prevention in developed countries (1039), AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. (2012); 24(12): 1565-1575. PMC ID: 22452415

Palinkas, L. W., Holloway, I. W., Rice, E., Brown, H., Valente, T., & Chamberlain, P. A. (2013). Influence network linkages across treatment conditions in randomized controlled trials (741). Implementation Science, 8, 133-144. PMC ID: 3930152

Paxton, K.C., Williams, J.K., Bolden, S.B., Guzman, Y., Harawa, N.T. HIV risk behaviors among African American women with at women with at-risk male partners (801). J AIDS Clin Res.; 4(7): 221–. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000221. PMC ID: PMC3895435J.

Piwowar-Manning, E., Fogel, J. M., Laeyendecker, O., Wolf, S., Cummings, V., Marzinke, M. A., Clarke, W., Breaud, A., Wendel, S., Wang, L., Swanson, P., Hackett, J., Mannheimer, S., del Rio, C., Kuo, I., Harawa, N.T., Koblin, BA., Moore, R., Blankson, JN., Eshleman, S. H. (2014). Failure to Identify HIV-Infected Individuals in a Clinical Trial Using a Single HIV Rapid Test for Screening. HIV clinical trials, 15(2), 62-68. PMID: 24710920

Shah, M. Do Sex Workers Respond to Disease? Evidence from the Male Market for Sex (1162),” American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings.

Shah, M. Sex Work and Risky Sex in Developing Countries, In Encyclopedia of Health Economics (Anthony Culyer, editor) Oxford: Elsevier, forthcoming.

Traube, D. E., Schrager, S. S., Holloway, I. W., Weiss, G., & Kipke, M. (2013). Environmental risk, social cognition, and drug use among young men who have sex with men: Longitudinal effects of minority status on health processes and outcomes (749). Drug and  Alcohol Dependence, 127(1-3), 1-7. PMCID: PMC3480562

Traube, D., Holloway, I. W., Zhang, J. (2013). National study of the roll of recent illicit substance use on the relationship between depressive symptoms and sexual risk behavior among child welfare-involved adolescents (935). Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74(4), 589-597. PMCID: 3371387

Winetrobe, H., Rice, E., Petering, R., Holloway, I. W., & Bauermeister, J. (2014). Associations of Unprotected Anal Intercourse with Grindr-Met Partners among Grindr-Using YMSM in Los Angeles. AIDS Care. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2014.911811. PMID: 24754563

Wong, C. F., Schrager, S. S., Holloway, I. W., Meyer, I. H., & Kipke, M. D. (2013). Minority stress experiences and psychological well-being: The impact of support from and connection to social networks within the Los Angeles House and Ball Communities (726). Prevention Science. [Epub ahead of print] PMCID: PMC3796016

Young, S. D., Holloway, I. W., & Swendeman, D. (2014). Incorporating standards for use of mobile technologies in public health research. International Health. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu019